Tenth post: Written summary

How I approached the tasks

My task was to conduct thorough research and develop a suitable colour scheme for a new café/small bar which meets all the client’s requirements and the constraints of the project.
I starting with research on the laneways of Melbourne and similar establishments in the area, the fit outs of the shops, the colour and lighting sources used to open up these small, dark spaces.
To attain my client’s request for a lively, fun and vibrant retro feel, specifically to the 80’s, I thoroughly researched this area and found I was very inspired by the Memphis Milano movement, which is still popular to this day.
I also researched how the impact of light and colour can influence our emotions and perception of a space. By using additive and subtractive colour mixing techniques to match sample colours that I found in my research, I produced 3 different colour schemes that would each fulfil the brief.
Then by looking at the effects different lighting sources have on these colours, along with the consideration of the fire safety signage and equipment;
I decided that my colour scheme, Hi 5 the 80’s, would be the perfect fit.
I produced a concept board that displays my final colour scheme and all the pertaining elements for the project. I also produced drawings showing how the lighting in combination with the colour scheme will be used in the space.

how I responded to feedback

I am a bit uncertain with regards to adding a jukebox to the space. As it is a public space the owner may lose control over the music selections as this contributes to the mood/atmosphere within the space.
2. I definitely agree with Michele giving the bar a more retro feel by rounding the sides, this would entirely depend if it is possible with the 3D panelling on the bar front.
3. Leaving the individual table settings at the front of the premises as is (rather than replacing one or two of the tables with a sofa type setting) keeps the entrance more spacious as opposed to a sofa which would make the entrance feel more enclosed. It also gives the owner more options to change these furniture pieces around or to add more depending on the crowd/event.
I altered my basic floor plan to include the lounge area, also showed images of furniture options for this area. This meets the brief with the inclusion of lounges. It also provides an area that is a more relaxed setting for not only the day coffee trading but night time use for a more intermit environment.

how I ensured that I met all requirements of the brief

I ensured that I met all the requirements of the brief through thorough research and experimentation.
The selection of my energizing colour scheme with an injection of black and white pattern definitely meets the clients request of wanting the place to feel lively, fun and vibrant with an 80’s retro feel.
The mirror wall surfaces will add exaggerated dimensions to the space and bounce the colour and light around. With the addition of more mirrors e.g. on the opposite wall when entering the space will add to the illusion of a larger space, whilst reflecting the only natural light source into the space.
Together with the fluorescent and LED lighting sources being used will open up the dark, separate spaces.
Having all the lighting sources on dimmer switches allows the client to adjust the lighting to his needs e.g. day/night/economical/different functions etc.
Having the task lighting on track system, the lights can be moved around if relocation of furniture etc. occurs.
To ensure the fire safety signs & equipment were visible from the colour scheme, red was not included in the chosen scheme. By installing small ‘wink’ downlights above safety signs & equipment, the safety signs will be visible at all times.
(if the signs are not yet self-illuminated)

(Australian Standard, AS 1319–1994 External or internal illumination of signs should be considered where the general lighting (either natural or artificial) does not provide for adequate visibility of signs)

Inclusions whether I was able to conceptualise cost-realistic options

As there are no structural changes to the space mainly cosmetic, labour would be where most of the budget would be spent.

I was able to source all but a few items from Australian suppliers, these were;
Pendant lights
Track lighting
Upholstered café chairs
(similar would be obtainable in Australia, and/or upholstered chairs could be custom made. source

The final colour scheme and how the colours contrast or harmonise in the environment and suggested ways to install this colour scheme to the space

Using two pairs of complementary colours will give maximum contrast and impact to the space. It is a very invigorating and dynamic colour scheme which will relay an inviting, lively, fun and vibrant atmosphere, captivating customers to enter.
I feel my colour scheme although a contrasting colour scheme works in harmony with the existing surroundings in the space. In the areas where the blue is close to the ceiling it will contrast with the raw exposed beams.
The metal elements I brought into the space will unify with the existing industrial elements i.e. concrete walls and flooring, exposed beams and visible pipework.
(The organic colours and textures found in wood, metal and concrete creates a cosier atmosphere).
The mirrors placed opposite each other will add dimension and bounce the reflected light around the space.
Blue (calming colour) being the most dominant colour used on the wall paint at the front of the café, the 3d panelling on the bar front and in the feature lighting/mirror wall.
Yellow (cheerful colour) the second colour will be also used on the wall paint at the front of the café and feature lighting/mirror wall, also used on the track lighting and the inside of the pendant lights.
The purple and orange are quite a powerful combination but will only be used in little amounts to bring together the colour scheme. These colours are used on the upholstered café chairs and would be used for other small elements e.g. crockery, mixed with black and white/pattern.
Adding the black and white in a pattern form gives that nod to the Memphis Milano style adding extra dynamic to the colour scheme.
White will also be used on wall paint for some walls in rear of the café, giving the illusion of a more wider/open space.

And of course having neon signage at the front of the establishment will initiate that retro feel.

List of potential safety or environmental hazards which may occur in the installation process and how to manage these risks


material sources:
Open Colleges learning guide study period 5 module 3



Ninth post: Feedback from others

Feedback from friend

Michele Armstrong

April 17, 2016 at 11:43 am Edit

Areas of Improvement:

  1. I would consider leaving some space at either end of the booth area for a working jukebox that offered 80s and earlier music selections.
  2. To give the bar a more retro feel I would suggest rounding the sides rather than using square sharper edges to give a 80s’ diner effect.
  3. I would consider replacing one or two of the individual tables with a sofa type setting for an alternative seating option which was quite popular during the 80’s.

Areas that are successful:

  1. The inclusion of the mirror collage separated by fluorescent lighting tubes is a clever way of giving the feeling of space and at the same time creating a retro feel with the use of the colours.
  2. Good selection of colours giving a retro feel yet warm and subtle without being too bold and overbearing, creating a perfect atmosphere for a café/bar.
  3. The can drum pendant lighting is a nice touch to tie together the polished concrete floor and exposed industrial pipework.

Have well I have met the brief:

The colour selection is an ideal fit for a café/bar environment. The colours are warm and subtle whilst reflecting a circa 80’s feeling. The size of the mirror collage is a very clever way to achieve the feeling of space in a decentralized premises. As the space is comprised of 3 separate rooms it is likely that the rooms could feel small and smothering when the occupancy rate is high during peak periods. The size of the mirror collage is a perfect way to eliminate this feeling. The introduction of the LED lighting tubes adds a retro dimension to a mirrored wall that could otherwise look plain and unrelated to any era. The colour scheme behind the booths is a nice contrast to the blues and yellows that are used throughout and the zigzag pattern effect is in keeping with the retro theme. The use of colours and design cleverly ties both sides of the area together yet still allows for the owner to have a great deal of flexibility when applying the finishing touches such (e.g. tableware). This includes the thought that has gone into the two painted areas on either side of the café which gives the owner a great deal of freedom to decorate with wall art. The choice of colours will allow him to dress the café/bar in warmer colours such that have already been used or add bolder colours to create further contrast and complete the retro design. The research and visual inclusion of the safety requirements enables the owner to be full informed of his requirements and options. In addition it is important to highlight that the colours of the safety signs are independent from the colour scheme of the café/bar which ensures that they remain clearly visible at all times.

Eighth post: Concept boards and specifications


This concept board displays my final colour scheme;  

Hi 5 the 80’s



Concept board: legend & image/supplier sources:
aLED downlights & LED strip lighting image & supplier  b.  can pendant lights  image & supplier  c. mirror wall and glass shelving behind bar image  supplier d. café & bar tables image & supplier  e. bar stools image & supplier   f. 3D wall panelling image  custom supplier   g. café chairs images supplier   h. banquette image  supplier  i. feature wall/lighting image  j. mirror wall collage image supplier   k. fluorescent tubes  image  supplier  l. fluorescent tubes image    m. exposed raw timber beams & visible industrial pipework, image  open colleges assessment LMFID4001A download   n. LED track lighting  image & supplier   o. ‘metal spun can’ flush mounted ceiling lights  image & supplier   p. small ‘wínk’ LED downlights  image & supplier  q. rendered concrete wall image   r. polished concrete floor image   s. Pantone colour image supplier  t. Koochy sofa & club 1010 sofa and armchairs images supplier  u. metal drum coffee table image supplier  v. chevron cushion image & supplier  w. chevron side table image & supplier





How and where the lighting will be used


*All lighting will be on dimmer switches to enable the light to be adjusted accordingly.


How and where the colour will be used



Seventh post: Exploration of colour


My created colour wheel showing primary, secondary and tertiary colours using water colour pencils


Experimental colour schemes for the café/small bar

Colour scheme 1
Hi 5 the 80’s

naturalphotographed under natural light

Double complementary colour scheme
Two pairs of complementary colours whose positions form either a square or rectangle on the colour wheel.

colour scheme 1

orange (tinted) – secondary colour
yellow (tinted) -primary colour
blue (tinted) -primary colour
purple (tinted) -secondary colour

By selecting complementary colours from both the warm and cool side of the colour spectrum, gives maximum contrast and impact whilst drawing inspiration from the Memphis Milano Movement.
This dynamic, punchy colour scheme is stimulating and rejuvenating, at the same time transmitting a warm and tranquil atmosphere.


image source

Below shows  different lighting effects on the colour scheme



Colour scheme 2
Primarily the 80’s

solour scheme 2photographed under natural light

Triadic colour scheme
Three colours that sit at equal distances apart on the colour wheel.

colour scheme 2 22

blue – primary colour
red (saturated) – primary colour
yellow – primary colour

The bold use of these primary colours creates a high contrasting colour scheme that brings an old retro charm to the space.
It will generate excitement and grab attention giving an uplifting and happy feeling which reduces stress, creating a cheery atmosphere.


sources:  left image  left image border  right image

Below shows  different lighting effects on the colour scheme


Colour scheme 3
Turn down the 80’s

colour scheme 3photographed under natural light

Modified triad
The smallest triangle that can be formed on the colour wheel with the fewest spaces.

colour scheme 33

green (tinted) – secondary colour
orange (tinted) – secondary colour
yellow (tinted) – primary colour

This colour scheme has only one space between each colour so the colours are quite restrained. It brings a more soothing retro feel to the space.
The combination of these three colours will radiate a cheerful, uplifting but refreshing and restful atmosphere.


image source

Below shows  different lighting effects on the colour scheme



Sixth post: Research into compliance


Research regarding fire safety signage and equipment


Fire safety signage and equipment
(white symbol and/or text on a red background)
Signs should be large enough to view without straining the eyes when communicating safety messages to employees and/or visitors.
Located where the messages are legible, attract attention and are clearly visible to all concerned, above or adjacent to fire equipment.
Signs should not be placed on moveable objects or erected hazardously.
When considering placement of several signs close together, care should be taken.
Illumination of signs should be considered where the general lighting does not provide for adequate visibility of signs.

In order to comply with AS1319, you must consider the environment, lighting and viewing distance (up to 20m in all directions of approach) – these factors will determine the size of sign required to suit your application.

Fire safety and equipment sign examples

Fire extinguishers
The AS2444 fire standard insists that each extinguisher has an ID sign placed immediately above the extinguisher, which uses similar colours and has a brief description of the types of fires it can be used on and a location sign, mounted at least 2 metres above the ground (so people are visibly aware that a fire extinguisher is located underneath).
A sign may be employed to indicate multiple extinguishers in one location even if different types are grouped together.

fire extinguisher ID sign examples

Fire blankets

located in a conspicuous/readily accessible position along normal paths of travel or near exits.

Emergency exit signs for buildings
(white symbol on a green background)
are provided to aid occupant identification of exits and paths of travel to emergency exits.
Signs are to be clearly visible and legible at all times, located on, above, or adjacent to each door providing the exit access.
Pictograms with directional arrows indicating the direction to an exit.
Signs are to be provided with emergency illumination in the event of normal power supply failure.

exit sign example

material sources for research into compliance:
source 1
   source 2   source 3

Fifth post: Creative investigation

I have conducted the following research regarding the creative requirements of the project

Melbourne laneways
The CBD laneways in Melbourne form busy pedestrian routes known worldwide for a rich art culture, one-off boutiques, unique galleries, tiny cafés, a variety of food experiences and hidden bars.
These long narrow laneways are tucked away behind the main streets, hidden between the high-rise buildings, thus creating an absence of natural light source.

Melbourne laneways Photos: Craig Sillitoe

Dark, small interiors
The bars and cafés that occupy these spaces are very long, narrow and dark;  void of a lot of natural light.
Accent lighting is used to highlight specific objects and architectural features.
Wall-mounted lighting, hanging pendants and track lighting provide ambient lighting.
Task lighting is used for the work areas.
Reflective surfaces are used to bounce light around the room.
The organic colours and textures found in wood, brick and concrete provide a more cosy atmosphere.
Wall surfaces/ceilings that have been painted an intermediate-low tonal value (with the correct light source used) have a more intimate and cosy feel.
Wall surfaces/ceilings painted in a high tonal value can present the feeling of a more spacious room given ample/correct artificial light is used to bounce around,  if not it can look dull and cold and shadows become quite distinct and can make the room feel even darker.

sources: top left  top right  bottom left  bottom right

80’s design
The 1980’s is as misunderstood as it is notorious, the style and fashion became loud and very iconic.


Images of retro inspired/fit-outs of cafés & small bars


 sources: top left   top right  2nd row left  2nd row right
3rd row left  3rd row right  bottom left  bottom right

Images of schemes which promote a similar mood as I am aiming to achieve

sources: top left  top right  middle, bottom left & right

Lighting concepts and features
Pendant lights create atmosphere and dimension and can add texture and depth to a room while also providing functionality.
Flush mounted ceiling lights are a great way to add a subtle feature to a space and are perfect where you don’t have much of a ceiling height.
Ceiling mounted track/projector lighting can provide great lighting for working areas, they can be adjusted to add light to a specific task e.g. a work surface or highlight a display.
Ambiance and mood can successfully be created with wall lights. Soft, diffused wall lighting bouncing off a vertical surface is a great way to illuminate a space, especially if there isn’t enough ceiling height for suspension pendant lights.
Lighting can also be used to create a feature in the space.
Using dimmers to adjust lighting not only helps create a more relaxed, serene ambiance but also for reducing energy costs.

sources:  top café image  bottom café image  yellow track lighting   all other images

80’s colours 
Bright neon colours were very popular, pink and green were the more popular choices for clothing and accessories.
Geometric prints of triangles, squiggly lines, circles and checkerboard squares together with a mix of colours.
Metallic colours in bright, bold shades such as hot pink, teal green, deep purple and emerald green, also black and gold.
Stripes and Polka dot patterns came in traditional shades of white and black or red and black, along with bolder neon colours and muted pastels.

 80’s pastel colours  source   80’s neon colours  source


Dulux colour forecast 2015 inspired by the Memphis Movement of the 1980’s
Bold block colours and contrasting black and white


 Nathalie du Pasquier 80’s patterns
sources: top row  bottom row

Cultural and historical references which have inspired me

The Memphis Milano movement
played a key role in the promotion of Italian design worldwide, dominating the early 80s design scene with its post-modernist style. Drawing inspiration from such movements as Art Deco and Pop Art,  including styles such as the 1950’s Kitsch and futuristic themes.
The group challenged perceptions of ‘good design’ through their bright, colourful, shocking pieces,  with colour combinations including neon glowing shades and zebra stripes which reflected the era perfectly.
The once hated 1980’s design movement, described as a tasteless display of vulgarity, misunderstood and even bizarre, has made a comeback in fashion.
Dior’s Autumn/Winter 2011-12 Haute Couture collection and footwear brand Sergio Rossi Spring/Summer 2013 collection entirely inspired by the Memphis Milano movement.

Dior’s Autumn/Winter 2011-2012 Houte Couture collection

 left: Flamingo side table designed by Michele De Lucchi for Memphis 1984
right: Sergio Rossi Spring/Summer 2013 collection

Colour and light used in interior spaces to achieve a particular psychological effect, perception, or ‘feel’ and the impact that colour has in a variety of spaces


The colours suggest wholesome, natural and organic; feelings of comfort and earthiness, creating a sense of calm and homeliness.
The use of wall mounted fixtures for the ambient lighting, accent lighting to wash over the walls and task lighting to light the stairs and work area, plus using reflective surfaces to bounce the light around gives this space a very cosy and intimate feel.

Cafeina Entrance Bar Lounge, Portugal

 This space speaks to me as clean, refreshing, airy and vibrant, which says a lot about the colour choice.
Blue is said to be relaxing and soothing and considered to be a clean and refreshing colour.
Red has the opposite effect of blue,  but as it de-saturated and only used as an accent it gives a more earthy, comforting feel.
White; cleanliness, purity, perfection, modern, abstract, airy, cool.
The soft lit ambient lighting highlights the abstract ceiling and accent lighting showcases the graphic back bar and counter while using shiny surfaces to bounce the light around the space.
lago las vegas this one

Lago, Las Vegas

Both of these spaces communicate happiness, the colour is energizing and uplifting with a clean and refreshing feel.
An abundant amount of ambient lighting and task lighting in the display cabinets, creates a bright and inviting space.

yellow cafes

 left: Cool Café, Budapest
right: Churro Bunny takeaway café Seoul, South Korea
sources: left 

People associate green with nature, health, healing and the environment.
This café creates a comfortable and calming atmosphere.

green cafe

  Tekoe Tee Shop, Switzerland

The lighting and colour in this space gives a sense of urgency and hunger, also influences the flow of movement through the space.

red bar

The Red Prime Steak club and Bar

material sources for creative investigation:
source 1  source 2  source 3  source 4


Tahiti Memphis Lamp designed by Ettore Sottsass 1981

Forth post: Project to do list

Work flow for project


update blog

site meeting with client and contractor/s;
-ascertain what is required (the brief)
-collect any preferences the client has supplied (objects, magazine clippings etc.)
-perform a checklist on the current situation & materials catalogue list
-collect/draw floor plan
-change contact details with all parties  1-2 hours

-council requirements/regulations
-retro, 1980’s, lighting/colour in regards to dark, small interiors, Melbourne laneways, schemes which promote a lively/fun/vibrant feel
-Melbourne’s arts and fashion district
-Nearby business/other cafés and small bars in the vicinity  8 hours

post to blog

conduct research in compliance regarding fire safety signage/equipment  1 hour

post to blog

experiment with colour schemes and show the effects of different lighting sources on the colour selections
write a brief explanation for each scheme
produce a mood board  6 hours

post to blog

seek feedback from client

site meeting with client;
-check paint samples with light sources in location to be used
-seek clarification/approval/adjustment from client for colour selection

create a concept board inclusive of final colour scheme, sketches, photos/images, suppliers colour names/paint colour/product numbers  4 hours

post to blog

seek feedback and adjust accordingly

finalize and present to client for approval  30 mins-1 hour

meet with client and contractor/s to finalize financials/time frames  2 hours

prepare/present contract to client  1-2 hours

with deposit paid project begins